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Article - The First Project in Madinah



When the Messengar of Allah (Peace and Blessings be upon him) arrived in Madinah, there were four things that the Prophet embarked on:

  1. Establishment of the Masjid
  2. Establishing Brotherhood
  3. A covenant that would govern the relationships between the different people of Madinah
  4. Establishment of the Delegations

He started with the first project immediately -The Masjid. This was the first thing that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) did when he arrived in Madinah. However, just before he arrived in Madinah he stayed in Quba for a short time (Quba was a place in the outer provinces of the city of Madinah, but became part of Madinah in later times). The first thing he did when he arrived in Quba was to establish a Masjid. Why did our beloved leader chose the Masjid as the starting point, as the first project for these places? Because the Masjid is the centre of learning for the muslims. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had Dar-Al-Arqam in Makkah, and he built Masjid Al Nabawi in Madinah which expands the role of Dar-Al-Arqam. Dar Al Arqam was a secret location in Makkah where the muslims would meet, pray, and teach but now since the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had established an Islamic State in Madinah it was no longer a secret location and was instead public, it was Masjid Al Nabawi.

When Masjid Al Nabawi was built it was a very simple building made from mud bricks and the roof was made of palm leaves which would leak when it rained. The floor was bare sand. Even though it was very simple, it was the most blessed Masjid where the first generation graduated from. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) joined his companions in the building of the Masjid, he was building and carrying the bricks alongside his companions (may Allah be pleased with them).

What lessons can we learn from the fact that Allah's Messenger established the Masjid first before everything else? Allah SWT says 'The ones whom when we establish in the land, they would establish regular prayer'[Surah Al Hajj, 22:41]. Allah SWT established by giving The Messenger of Allah and his companions authority in the land of Madinah. The first thing they did was to establish Salah (prayers) and by establishing the Masjid they established the centre of Salah.


What is the role of the Masjid?  

1. The Masjid is a place of prayer and rememberance of Allah SWT. This is the first and foremost role of the masjid. 

Allah SWT Says:

"In houses (mosques), which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honoured), in them His Name is glorified in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings,

Men whom neither trade nor sale diverts them from the Remembrance of Allah (with heart and tongue), nor from performing As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), nor from giving the Zakat. They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned (from the horror of the torment of the Day of Resurrection).

That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His Grace. And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills."

[Surah An-Nur, 24:36-38] 

The Masjid is just a building. The real essence of the Masjid is the people inside the it. Allah SWT says that in them are people who are not distracted by commerce, not distracted by money or making a living. Those people, they worship Allah SWT but they do work, they do make a living, however, when they are in the Masjid they are remembering Allah SWT without distraction -wordly affairs are not on their minds.

2. It is a place of learning.

Masjid Al Nabawi was where The Messenger of Allah would give his Khutbah (sermon), give his talks, this is where his companions would come together in circles and study the book of Allah. Rasulallah said “If a group of people come together in one of the houses of Allah, read the book of Allah and try to understand the meaning of it, Allah sends down sakinah (tranquility) to them. Mercy covers them and angels surround them; Allah tells those who are near him about them.” [Muslim]

3. It is a place for Muslims to meet and it therefore plays a social role.

Muslims that pray in jamaa' (congregation) would meet five times a day and this strengthens the bonds of brotherhood. They also meet on Jummuah (Friday prayers). The meaning of jamaa' and jummuah is 'congregation' -it is a gathering of people.

4. The Masjid was a dwelling for the travelling and the poor. 

A special place was built in Masjid Al Nabawi called 'As-Suffa' which was a dweling for the poorer of the companions who spent most of their days in deep study. Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) was among the people of 'As-Suffah' who dedicated his time to learning and studying the Prophet's sayings and actions.

5. The Masjid was a place from where the Delegates would be sent out from. This is where the banners would be handed out.

6. It is a place of high importance for Dawah. 

There were a group of Christians that came to visit The Messenger of Allah PBUH from a place in Yemen. Where did they stay? They LIVED in the Masjid. They were able to see the Muslims pray and were able to hold discussions and conversations with The Messenger of Allah PBUH. 



Dear reader,

Be Among those who 'Establish regular prayer' and raise the status of your prayer by 27 times by simply praying in the Masjid with your brothers. Our Masjids are a precious blessing, don't take them for granted. Make the most of every moment you can and multiply your rewards easily. Attend study circles and recieve peace & mercy from Allah SWT and supplications from the Angels surrounding you while Allah SWT mentions you by name in a gathering.

Masjid Al Ikhlas & Cambridge Islamic Centre

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